2024 CPP Increase: What to Expect in Canada Pension Plan?

Updated on June 14, 2024

Most working Canadians are familiar with CPP deductions from their paychecks. Canada’s primary government-backed retirement plans include the Old Age Security (OAS) and CPP. The CPP, sustained by both employee and employer contributions, underwent changes a few years ago to ensure a higher replacement of working income in retirement payments. Self-employed individuals bear the responsibility of covering both the employer and employee portions of the CPP, while the OAS relies on general federal government funds.

The compulsory annual contribution to the CPP began increasing in 2019 as part of the CPP modifications. Since then, it has been gradually raised each year and now stands at 5.95% of annual earnings. Explore this page for details on the CPP increase in 2024, along with a comprehensive analysis.

CPP 2024 Increase: What to Expect

In 2024, the Canada Pension Plan’s maximum pensionable earnings will increase to CAD 68,500, up from CAD 66,600 in 2023, according to the Canada Revenue Agency. Starting the following year, an additional cap of CAD 73,200 will determine extra maximum pensionable earnings or CPP contributions.

The base exemption level of CAD 3,500 remains applicable for 2024. As per CPP basics, individuals aged 18 to 69 earning more than CAD 3,500 annually must contribute 5.95% of their salary, up to a specified income maximum. The Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings (YMPE), or income cap, is set at CAD 68,500 for 2024. Stay informed about CPP Benefits Increase Payment in 2024 by checking this page.

Details of CPP Increase in 2024

Title of ArticleCPP Increase Amount 2024
GovernmentFederal government
CategoryGovernment Aid
CPP Contribution Rate 20236.5%
CPP Increase 2024CAD 66600 to CAD 68500
Official websitewww.canada.ca

Complete Analysis of CPP Increase 2024

Over time, the maximum percentage of income contributing to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) has increased, with a significant change expected for middle-class workers in 2024. The current tier one CPP maximum will be raised to CAD 68,500. Those earning beyond this threshold will face additional deductions of 4% on their wages up to CAD 73,200, capped at CAD 188 annually, with employers matching this contribution.

In 2019, the CPP underwent enhancements to ensure Canadians receive greater benefits and financial security by slightly increasing contributions. This essay aims to analyze the 2024 upgrades to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and their implications for payroll, employee pension plans, businesses, and CRA compliance.

CPP Changes Effective January 1, 2024

As per CPP basics, individuals aged 18 to 69 earning more than CAD 3,500 annually are obligated to contribute 5.95% of their salary to the CPP, up to the income maximum of CAD 68,500 for 2024.

However, a shift is underway in 2024 as the CPP transitions from a one-tier to a two-tier contribution system. Those with yearly incomes below the CAD 68,500 YMPE will still contribute 5.95% to Tier 1 CPP.

For higher-income earners, a second earnings cap comes into play. Individuals earning beyond the CAD 68,500 income ceiling must pay 4% on the extra earnings, known as Tier 2 payments, with the YAMPE set at CAD 73,200 for 2024.

This means that individuals earning more than CAD 68,500 in 2024 will be required to contribute both Tier 1 payments (5.95% on wages between CAD 3,500 and CAD 68,500) and Tier 2 contributions (4% on earnings between CAD 68,500 and CAD 73,200).

Extra Contributions to Canada Pension Plan

Starting January 1, 2024, both employers and employees must contribute 4% on pensionable earnings exceeding the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings (YMPE) up to the new YAMPE. This is in addition to the regular CPP contributions on earnings up to the YMPE.

With the YMPE projected at CAD 68,500 and the YAMPE at CAD 73,200 in 2024, the YAMPE is anticipated to be nearly 7% higher than the YMPE. This difference is expected to increase in 2025 and the subsequent years, reaching approximately 14% over the YMPE.

Unlike the standard CPP, the enhanced CPP requires full financing. Consequently, payments for base and enhanced CPP benefits will be tracked separately. Each base CPP account and any additional CPP accounts will be managed independently to ensure proper funding.

Employee contributions for income falling between the YMPE and YAMPE will be eligible for a tax deduction, similar to additional contributions up to the YMPE established under the initial phase of CPP enhancement.




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